UN committee on the rights of the child

On January 14, the United Nations announced that the Third Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child had been ratified. This protocol enables children from ratifying countries to lodge formal complaints with the Committee on the Rights of the Child about rights violations. This legal development will expand children’s rights and the accountability of states to the children they are expected to protect.



The Convention on the Rights of the Child entered into force in 1990. It has been signed by 192 countries, more than any other Third Optional Protocol. It established that all children are entitled to the basic human rights of survival, the chance to develop fully, protection from harm, exploitation and harm, non-discrimination, and the opportunity to participate in social life. Child protection is primarily the responsibility of national governments, yet states often fail to protect their children or are guilty of abuses themselves.

Loretta Ann Rosales, Chair of the Commission on Human Rights commented on the vulnerability of children, stating that they “are routinely neglected by decision makers, and their views and opinions ignored.”

Even though the Convention was ratified by nearly every country in the world, it remained the only international human rights treaty without a mechanism allowing victims to make claims and seek justice on an international level. By enabling children to bring complaints before the Committee on the Rights of the Child, the UN will now have a greater ability to hold states accountable for violations of children’s rights.

The Committee on the Rights of the Child will hear three types of complaints. Individual complaints can be made by children or groups of children who make an accusation of a rights violation. Before children bring their complaints to the Committee, they will first have to seek justice within their own country’s legal system. Inquiries refer to investigations initiated by the Committee itself when concerned about a suspected case of large scale abuses against children. Finally, inter-state communications will involve complaints by one state against another about any type of abuse, big or small.

“The Optional Protocol gives children who have exhausted all legal avenues in their own countries the possibility of applying to the Committee. It means children are able to fully exercise their rights and are empowered to have access to international human rights bodies in the same way adults are under several other human rights treaties,”explained Kirsten Sandberg, Chairperson of the Geneva-based Committee on the Rights of the Child.

Ten countries were required to sign in order to ratify the Optional Protocol and on January 14th, Costa Rica became the tenth signatory. Germany, Spain, Portugal, Thailand, Montenegro, Slovakia, Albania, Bolivia and Gabon are the other nine countries to have ratified the treaty. According to Kirsten Sandberg, “we applaud the countries that have ratified it and call on other States to take this step too.”

Latest Articles

  • Career Growth with ITIL
    Career Growth with ITIL

    Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) is a management approach that is commonly u. Read More

  • 10 Things Kamal Haasan Spoke of to Harvard Students
    10 Things Kamal Haasan Spoke of to Harvard Students

    1. Why freedom of speech, why now?     Whats Kamal Haasans problem? What is ailing him . Read More

  • CAT Exam 2014 preparation strategy - how to go about it?
    CAT Exam 2014 preparation strategy - how to go about it?

    Cracking the CAT exam is not an easy job for anyone. And moreover it is not about passing the exam o. Read More

  • Confidence is the Key to Success
    Confidence is the Key to Success

    Some people are born with it, some have to work for it, and others do not know how to obtain it. It . Read More

  • CBSE to put info of AIPMT Admit Card on its website
    CBSE to put info of AIPMT Admit Card on its website

    CBSE, which would be conducting afresh the All India Pre-Medical Test on July 25, has said it would . Read More

Latest Classified

  • Advertising Agencies in Surat-India KStreet Advertising
    k1038Are you spending countless hours trying to promote a product online ? Visit us today for contractual business promotion & advertising services locally & globally, which will save your tim
  • Recirculation Laminar Air Flow System
    Weiber recirculation laminar air flow systems are ideal solution for laboratory testing, low risk pharmaceutical compounding and more. They are most suitable for bacteriological, toxicology, wh
  • BEST JOBS FOR EXP. PROFESSIONALS. APPLY NOW
    (unixd1760d) India\'s Fastest Growing Job Site 1000s of Great Jobs. World\'s Best Job-matching Engine. India\'s Largest Salary Benchmarking Tool. Gets you Matched Jobs without Revealing your Id
  • Asian Scales. Looking for franchiser in all over India
    BISb123We manufacture and supply jewellery Weighting Scale,Table Top Weighting Scale,Platform weighting scale,Electronic Trolley Weighting Scale and various other weighting scales. We are looking for
  • Best and advanced PHP, SMO, SEO Training in Kolkata
    SEO Training Kolkata is IT training provider in Kolkata. We offer industry designed and job oriented training on Search Engine Optimization (SEO), Social Media Optimization (SMO), PHP Web Developm

Top Featured Institutes